Tag Archives: Civil War

Stone’s River National Battlefield

Made a visit to Stone’s River National a Battlefield on our way home from Nashville. It was a beautiful day to remember those soldiers who gave their lives in this battle. I had a 2nd Great Grandfather Aaron Ewing, who was in Co I Illinois of the Union Army.








Aaron Ewing took a while to find…..

I was always fascinated that he died at the “Poor Farm ” in Butler county Pennsylvania. I have a copy of his obituary and death certificate. His wife, Mary Ann Richael died the year before him. They were married in Miller county Missouri in 1856. She was just 16 and he 19 years of age. I do not know why they went from Pennsylvania to Missouri. I have these notes from a cousin that did research on Aaron’s grandfather, Alexander Ewing, American Revolution Patriot. They had several children that lived very few years, or did not even make it to a year old. While they were west, they lost Katie, Fannie and Wesley Monroe. Below is the headstone of Mary Ann Richael Ewing. I have still not found the headstone or burial of this Civil War veteran.

Engaged in the battle of Stone’s River, from December 30, 1862, to January 4, 1863. December 31, the Brigade was heavily engaged, repulsed three heavy charges, and held the position until the enemy, having driven Johnson’s Division, came heavily on the flank and forced the line to retire. Regiment lost in this engagement, 34 killed, 109 wounded, and 34 missing.

EWING, Aaron Private Albion Sep 5, 1861 Missing in action at Stone River

Company “I” 38th Illinois Infantry

Roster 38th Illinois

Below is a regimental history of the 38th Illinois Infantry.

Regimental History
(Three Years)

The Thirty-eighth Infantry Illinois Volunteers was organ-
ized at Camp Butler, Illinois, in September, 1861, by Colonel
William P. Carlin. September 20,1861, was ordered to Pilot
Knob, Missouri, receiving its arms en route. Colonel Carlin
was placed in command of the post. October 20, marched to Fre-
dericktown, and 21st was engaged in the battle at that place
with the enemy under Jeff. Thompson.

The Regiment remained at Pilot Knob during the winter.

March 3,1862, moved to Reeves’ Station, on Black River,
arriving on the 10th. Here the troops, consisting of Twenty-
first, Thirty-third and Thirty-eighth Illinois Infantry, Elev-
enth Wisconsin Infantry, Fifth, Seventh and Ninth Illinois Cav-
alry, First Indiana Cavalry, and Sixteenth Ohio Battery, were
organized into the Division of South-east Missouri, under com-
mand of Brigadier General F. Steele. First Brigade, Colonel
Carlin commanding, consisted of Twenty-first and Thirty-eighth
Illinois Infantry, Fifth Illinois Cavalry, and Sixteenth Ohio

March 31, moved from Reeves’ Station to Doniphan. April
17, crossed Current River; 21st, reached Pocahontas, Arkansas.

April 30, marched for Jacksonport. Arkansas, arriving May

May 10, the Twenty-first and Thirty-eighth were ordered to
Cape Girardeau, Missouri, 220 miles distant. This march was
made in ten days, a day and a ha1f of which time was spent in
ferrying Black and Current Rivers. May 24, arrived at Hamburg
Landing. Moved to the front, and were before Corinth during
the last days of the siege – in Second Brigade, Fourth Divi-
sion, Left Wing Army of Mississippi, Colonel Carlin commanding
Brigade, Brigadier General Jeff. C. Davis commanding Division,
and Major General John Pope commanding Army of the Mississippi.

Marched to Danville, Booneville, back to Corinth, and to
Jacinto. During the last of June marched to Ripley, and re-
turned by forced marches, arriving July 4, 1862. Remained in
camp till August 14, when marched with the Division to join the
Army of the Ohio, under General Buell. Passing through Iuka,
Mississippi, crossed the Tennessee at Eastport; thence marched
via Florence, Alabama, Lawrenceburg, Mt. Pleasant, Columbia,
Franklin, Murfreesboro and Nashville, Tennessee, Bowling Green,
Mumfordsville, Elizabethtown, and West Point, Kentucky, arriv-
ing at Louisville, Kentucky September 26, 1862, having marched,
night and day, about 500 miles.

October 1, marched from Louisville in the Thirty-first
Brigade, Ninth Division, Army of the Ohio – Colonel Carlin com-
manding Brigade, and General Robert B. Mitchell commanding Di-

October 8, engaged in battle of Perryville, Major D. H.
Gilmer commanding, and captured an ammunition train, two cais-
sons and about 100 prisoners. Was honorably mentioned in Gen-
eral Mitchell’s resort of the battle, Joined in pursuit of
Bragg as far as (drab Orchard, and then marched through Lancas-
ter, Danville, Lebanon and Bowling Green, to Edgefield Junc-
tion, near Nashville. arriving November 9.

Went on a scout to Harpeth Shoals with Fifteenth Wisconsin
Volunteers, and returned November 20, having destroyed a large
quantity of salt, and captured a rebel wagon train and one hun-
dred horses and mules.

Advanced from Nashville, December 26, 1862, and with the
Brigade, (Second Brigade, First Division, Right Wing of Army of
Cumberland), charged a battery at Knob Gap, near Nolensville,
capturing two guns. Regimental loss, 3 killed and 8 wounded.


Engaged in the battle of Stone River, from December 30,
1862, to January 4 1863. December 31, the Brigade was heavily
engaged, repulsed three heavy charges, and held the position
until the enemy, having driven Johnson’s Division, came heavily
on the flank and forced the line to retire. Regiment lost in
this engagement, 34 killed, 109 wounded, and 34 missing.

Encamped until June. Meantime the Right Wine was changed
to the Twentieth Army Corps.

When the enemy advanced on Tullahoma, the Twentieth Army
Corps moved on Liberty Gap, and engaged the enemy, June 24, 25
and 26. On the 25th the Thirty-eighth was ordered to relieve
the Seventy-seventh Pennsylvania, of General Willich’s Brigade
of General Johnson’s Division who were hotly pressed by the en-
emy. The Thirty-eighth charged across a plowed field, under
heavy fire, and drove the enemy from their works, capturing the
flag of the Second Arkansas. June 26, skirmished with the en-
emy all day, losing 3 killed and 19 wounded. That night the –
enemy withdrew.

Marched through Manchester, and camped at Winchester, Ten-
nessee. August 17, 1863, crossed the Cumberland Mountains to
Stevenson, Alabama; 30th, crossed the Tennessee River at Caper-
ton’s Ferry. Crossed Sand Mountain and camped in Will’s Val-
ley. September 9, crossed Lookout Mountain, and camped in
Broomtown Valley, about 60 miles south of Chattanooga.

September 13 and 14, recrossed Lookout Mountain to Will’s
Valley; 16th , ascended Lookout Mountain, and marched 26 miles,
on the top, to Stevens’ Gap; 17th, entered McLemore’s Cave, and
laid in line of battle before Due Gap, in Pigeon Mountains;
17th, at dark, moved to the left, to Pond Springs; 19th,
marched past Crawfish Springs and entered the battle of Chicka-
mauga, near Gordon’s Mills. Double quicking, a line was
formed, under fire, and was hotly engaged till dark. September
20, was moved to the left. Went into position at 10 A.M., and
was heavily engaged. The enemy, pressing through a gap made by
the withdrawal of General Woods’ Division, forced the line
back, and the Brigade narrowly escaped capture. Was re-formed
on the hills, in the rear of the battle ground, and marched to-
ward McFarland’s farm. We then marched toward the right, where
General Thomas was continuing the fight. After dark, returned
to McFarland’s farm. Loss, Lieutenant Colonel D. H. Gilmer,
killed, and Major Alden severely wounded. Of 301 men who en-
tered the fight, 180 were killed, wounded or missing.

September 21, Captain W. C. Harris, being relieved from
Brigadier General Carlin’s staff. took command of the Regiment;
22d, moved into Chattanooga, and remained till the last of
October, working on fortifications, etc. The Twentieth Army
Corps was broken up, and Twenty-first and Thirty-eighth Illi-
nois, One Hundred and First Ohio and Eighty-first Indiana were
assigned to First Brigade, First Division, Fourth Army Corps.

October 26,1863, marched to Bridgeport, Alabama, and went
into winter quarters.

January 26, 1864, moved through Chattanooga to Ooltawah.
On the night of February 17, moved out with a detachment of
Fourth Michigan Cavalry, and, at daylight, surprised and cap-
tured a rebel outpost, a few miles from Dalton, Georgia, and
returned to camp in the afternoon.

February 29,1964, the Regiment re-enlisted, and was mus-
tered March 16,1864. Started for Illinois March 28. Arrived
at Springfield, Ill., April 8. Rendezvoused at Mattoon.

May 14, moved from Mattoon, via Indianapolis, to Louis-
ville. Lieutenant Colonel W. T. Chapman took command of the
Regiment at Louisville, May 17. Arrived at Nashville, 21st;
22d, a train bearing part of the Regiment was thrown from the
track by a torpedo, and several men injured.

May 27, left Chattanooga with a drove of cattle, which at
Resaca was increased to 1,700 head, and arrived at Ackworth
June 8. On the 9th rejoined the Brigade; 10th, moved upon the
enemy at Pine Top. Engaged near Pine Top till 18th, and at Ke-
nesaw Mountain until July 3; 3d, passed through Marietta; 4th,
were engaged at Smyrna. July 5, reached the Chattahoochie
River; 12th, crossed the Chattahoochie at Power’s Ferry; 20th,
crossed Peach Tree Creek; 21st, engaged at outer lines before
Atlanta; 22d, threw up works before Atlanta; 26th, moved to
works protecting rear and left of the lines. August 1, the
Corps relieved the Twenty-third Corps, on the left. August 26,
withdrew from the lines in the night; 26th, Regiment was rear
guard, and had a brisk skirmish; 31st, on railroad, below Rough
and Ready. September 1, engaged in the battle of Jonesboro.
September 2, moved to Lovejoy, and threw up works on the left
of the lines; 8th, camped at Atlanta.

Loss of the Thirty-eighth, in the campaign; 4 killed, 36
wounded, 3 missing.

October 3, marched in pursuit of Hood, via Marietta, Act-
worth and Allatoona, to Kingston, thence to Rome, Resaca,
Ship’s Gap, Summerville, to Gaylorsville, Alabama, and after
halting a few days, marched to Chattanooga, arriving October

October 31, the First Brigade started as escort to wagon
train of Fourth Corps, for Huntsville, the remainder of the
Corps going by rail. Passing through Shell Mound, Bridgeport
and Stevenson, crossed Cumberland Mountain at Tantallon.
Passed through Cowan, Dechard, Winchester, Salem, and Fayette-
ville, rejoining the Corps at Pulaski, Tennessee, November

November 23, Lieutenant Colonel Chapman died, and the com-
mand devolved upon Captain A. H. Pollard.

Arrived at Columbia, Tennessee, November 26, November 25,
and 26, threw up works and skirmished with the enemy; 27th,
crossed Duck River in the night: 28th, threw up works opposite
the Ford; 29th, moved and threw up works on the left flank;
withdrew in the night and marched through Spring Hill, passing
a large rebel camp; marched alongside the train to Franklin.
with rebel cavalry on the flanks.

30th, entered Franklin. About half past four the enemy
advanced, driving in our skirmishers, but were driven back by
the main line. Withdrew at midnight, and crossing the Harpeth
River, reached Nashville. December 1, occupied in building
fortifications and doing outpost duty; 15th, was placed in
position near the Hardin pike, and at four o’clock P.M., were
in the charge on Montgomery Hill, and among the first to enter
the enemy’s works; 16th, was in the reserve line and joined in
pursuit, when the enemy’s line was broken. Was in pursuit to
Lexington, Alabama. Marched to Huntsville, arriving January
5,1865. Remained at Huntsville until March 13,1865 – Lieuten-
ant Colonel Ed. Colyer taking command February 1.

March 13th, proceeded by rail to Strawberry Plains, East
Tennessee; 24th, moved to Lick Creek, near Bull’s Gap. April
3, Brigade was ordered on an expedition to Asheville, North
Carolina. Returned 11th; 2Oth, took cars for Nashville. June
7th, the non-veteran Regiments having been mustered out, the
Twenty-first and Thirty-eighth Illinois were assigned to Second
Brigade, First Division, Fourth Army Corps, the Brigade also
containing Ninth, Thirtieth and Thirty-fifth Indiana Veteran
Volunteers, Colonel J. C. B. Leeman, commanding Brigade.

June 17, moved to Johnsonville; 19th embarked on Steamer
Palestine; 20th, passed Cairo: 25th, landed at New Orleans;
July 12, embarked on Steamer Clinton, and landed at Indianola,
Texas, 15th; 17th, marched to Green Lake. August 8 and 9,
marched through Victoria, and camped on the Guadaloupe River.

December 31, 1865, Regiment stationed at Victoria, Texas.
Regiment mustered out of United States’ service and ordered to
Springfield, Ill., for final payment and discharge.

Source: Illinois Adjutant-General’s Report, vol. 3, p. 101

Stone’s River after battle report:

Report of Col. William P. Carlin, Thirty-third Illinois Infantry,
commanding Second Brigade.

SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations
of this brigade since leaving Knob Gap, near Nolensville, December
27, 1863:

The brigade took up the line of march on the morning of the 27th, in a
heavy rain, in the direction of Triune, bivouacking within 1 mile of that
place, where it remained during the 28th, moving on the morning of the
29th, in the direction of Murfreesborough.

That night we bivouacked on Blackman’s farm, 4 1/2 miles west of that

Early on the morning of the 30th we crossed Overall’s Creek, on the
right of the Wilkinson pike, and took up position in a heavy wood south
of Asa Griscom’s house.

At 2 p.m. I was ordered to advance; passed through a corn-field,
entering another heavy wood, where my skirmishers first met those of
the enemy. Before making this advance, Brig.-Gen. Davis,
commanding division, informed me that may brigade was to direct the
movements of the division, and that Col.’s Post and Woodruff,
commanding, respectively, the First and Third Brigades, were ordered
to keep on a line with me. My skirmishers, under Lieut.-Col.
McKee, Fifteenth Wisconsin Volunteers, continued to drive those of the
enemy through the wood for about one-fourth of a mile, when I halted
men sent a request to Col.’s Post and Woodruff to keep pace with my

At this point my skirmishers, having suffered severely, were withdrawn,
and my battery (Second Minnesota, Capt. W. A. Hotchkiss) opened on the
enemy with canister and spherical case, inflicting serious damage. I then
threw forward another line of skirmishers, under Lieut.-Col.
McMackin, Twenty-first Illinois Volunteers, which advanced so slowly
that my front line of battle soon closed upon it, driving
in, however, the skirmishers of the enemy. My first line of battle was
now within 180 yards of the enemy’s line, at the house of Mrs. William

At this point a battery, about 100 yards west of the house, opened with
canister upon the Twenty-first Illinois Volunteers, and another, on the
east of the house, 250 yards distant, on the Fifteenth Wisconsin
Volunteers, killing and wounding a number of my men. Here it was my
intention to halt until the First and Third Brigades should come up, on
my right and left, respectively and left, respectively; but Col. J. W. S.
Alexander, commanding Twenty-first Illinois Volunteers, without
instructions from me, ordered his regiment to charge on the battery in his
front. His command was moving, with a shout, at double-quick step, within
80 yards of the battery, already abandoned by its cannoneers, when a very
heavy fire was opened upon it by infantry, which lay concealed behind
fences and outhouses, on the right and left of the battery. This fire
killed and wounded a large number of the Twenty-first Illinois Volunteers,
and threw the left companies into some disorder, when the regiment was
halted and formed on the right of the Fifteenth Wisconsin Volunteers.

The fight was now fairly opened, and continued vigorously until night
by the front line of my infantry and the battery which had been placed
between the two regiments. The batteries in our front were soon
silenced, but another was then opened on my right flank, distant about
500 yards, which completely enfiladed my lines and considerably
injured us; but this, too, was driven out of sight by Capt. Hotchkiss,
after a vigorous and well-directed fire.

Again I sent a request to Col.’s Post and Woodruff to come up, but
they continued to remain in rear of my lines. I maintained my position
during the night, having at dark relieved my front line by the night,
having at dark relieved my front line by the
Thirty-eighth Illinois and One hundred and first Ohio Volunteers.

My loss during this day, in killed, wounded, and missing, was about
175 officers and men. Before daylight on the morning of December 31,
perceiving indications of an advance by the enemy, I retired my battery
about 200 yards. At daylight the enemy advanced. Seeing that the troops
on the right and left of my line would not come, up, I fell back, with
my infantry on a line my battery, and made a stand; the Twenty-first
Illinois Volunteers about 200 yards to the rear, and on the right of the
One hundred and first Ohio Volunteers; the Fifteenth Wisconsin
Volunteers were posted on the rocks in front of my battery and the
Thirty-eighth Illinois Volunteers on the left of the One hundred and first
Ohio Volunteers.

My men were falling rapidly on the front line, and wishing to increase
the fire on the enemy, I sent an order to Col. Alexander to advance
and form on the right of the One Volunteers, and to Col. Heg,
Fifteenth Wisconsin Volunteers, to form on the left of the Thirty-eighth
Illinois Volunteers, and to my battery to retire. To my surprise, I
received a reply from Col. Alexander that he was already so hotly
engaged that he could not come forward. The startling intelligence was
also at this moment communicated to me, by one of my orderlies, that
all our forces on our right had left the ground. Immediately afterward
a heavy fire of musketry and artillery from the enemy, from my right
flank and rear, unmistakably announced that I was also attacked from
that direction.

On my left Woodruff’s brigade had left the ground. My command was
thus exposed to fire from all points, except the left of my rear. When
too late to retire in good order, I found that I was overpowered, and but
a moment was wanting to place my brigade in the hands of
the foe. I decided to retreat by the flank, when my horse was shot under
me and myself struck and all my staff and orderlies dismounted or
otherwise, which prevented me from communicating the order to the
regimental commanders. The rear line, then consisting of the
Twenty-first Illinois Volunteers, was the first to withdraw, by the order
of Lieut.-Col. McMaking, the commanding, Col. Alexander having been
wounded. Col. Stem and Lieut.-Col. Wooster, of the One hundred and first
Ohio Volunteers, having been shot down, and the ranks of the regiment
dreadfully thinned by the fire of the enemy, it gave was and retread.
The thirty-eighth Illinois Volunteers held its position until the enemy
was within a few steps, and then retired. This regiment would have
suffered far more severely in its retreat had not a heavy fire from the
Fifteenth Wisconsin Volunteers, judiciously posted by Col. Heg to
its left and rear, kept the enemy in check until it had left the wood and
partially reformed along the fence, on the right of the Fifteenth
Wisconsin Volunteers, where an effective fire was kept up, holding the
enemy at bay.

This only gave the foe on our right and left the more time to envelop us.
All that now remained of my brigade crossed two open fields and
entered a wood about 200 yards east of Griscom’s house.

The regiments were painfully reduced in numbers, but I formed a line
at this point, and several volleys of musketry and artillery were fired
with destructive effect upon the ranks of the enemy; but the foe was still
on our right at Griscom’s house, with none of our forces at that point
to oppose them, and being informed that Gen. Davis had ordered a
still farther withdrawal, I retired my command about half a mile to our
rear, and again endeavored to rally the men, about it was evident that
they were so utterly discouraged that no substantial good could result,
while no supports were in sight.

At another point, about half a mile farther to our rear, I rallied all who
could be found, and took a strong position in the edge of a cedar grove,
holding in until the enemy came up, when my men fired one volley, and
broke without orders. I conducted them to the rear, passing through the
lines of our reserves, and halted at the railroad, where we remained
during the afternoon collecting our scattered men.

During the two days’ fight the loss of officers was so great that some
companies had not one to command them, and others not even a
sergeant. Our regimental colors were all borne off the field flying,
though four color-bearers in succession, of the
Twenty-first Illinois Volunteers, were shot down, and two of the
color-guard of the Thirty-eighth Illinois Volunteers, three the
color-guard of the Fifteenth Wisconsin Volunteers, and four of the
color-guard of the One hundred and first Ohio Volunteers fell. Our
artillery was all about brought off in safety.

I have to report the loss of many officers, who were ornaments to our
army, and who will be mourned by all who knew them. Col. L. Stem,
One hundred and first Ohio Volunteers; Lieut. Col. David McKee,
Fifteenth Wisconsin Volunteers, and Lieut. Col. M. F. Wooster, One
hundred and first Ohio Volunteers, were unsurpassed in all the qualities
that make up the brave soldier, the true gentleman, and the pure
patriot. Capt. James P. Mead, Thirty-eighth Illinois Volunteers, fell, shot
there times, while fighting the enemy with his revolver after his
regiment had retired. Lieut. John L. Dillon, Thirty-eight Illinois
Volunteers, commanding Company E, fought with a musket until he was
shot once, when he drew his sword and cheered on his men till he fell
dead. Other instances of equal gallantry were observed in the other
regiments, but to recount all would give my report an undue
length. The long, sad list of killed and wounded forms the truest
eulogium on the conduct of the troops composing this brigade, and it is
by that list I wish it to be judged.

Of the 10 field officers of the regiment, 3 were killed and 2 wounded.
Seven horses were shot under the regimental, field, and staff officers.
Of my orderlies, Private Pease, Company B,
Thirty-sixth Illinois Volunteers, had his horse shot under him while
carrying my orders. Private Knox, same company, also had his horse
shot under him, and while endeavoring to procure another horse for me
was wounded by a grapeshot and again by a Minie ball, and Corporal
Hart, Thirty-eighth Illinois Volunteers, was stunned and disabled by a
cannon ball.

I deem it my duty to call the special attention of the general
commanding the Fourteenth Army Corps to Col. John W. S. Alexander,
Twenty-first Illinois Volunteers, and Col. Hans C. Heg, Fifteenth
Wisconsin Volunteers. While every field officer under my command did
his duty faithfully, Colones Alexander and Heg, in my opinion, proved
themselves the bravest of the brave. Had such my as these been in
command of some of our brigades, we should have been spared the
shame of witnessing the rout of our troops and the disgraceful panic,
encouraged, at least, by the example and advice of officers high in

Lieut. Col. D. H. Gilmer, commanding Thirty-eighth Illinois Volunteers,
was always at his post and attending to his duty. Maj. Isaac M. Kirby
One hundred and first Ohio Volunteers, took command of the regiment
after the fall of the brave Col.’s Stem and Wooster, and conducted it
to the rear, reduced to about 100 men.

Capt. W. A. Hotchkiss, commanding Second Minnesota Battery, and all
his officers and men, deserve credit for their gallantry in the fight, and
energy in preventing the loss of the battery.

Among the staff officers of this army who made themselves useful in
rallying the scattered men, Dr. L.F. Russell, Second Minnesota Battery;
Lieut. S. M. Jones, Fifty-ninth Illinois Volunteers; Capt. Thruston,
aide-de-camp to Maj.-Gen. McCook, and Chaplain Wilkins,
Twenty-first Illinois Volunteers, came especially under my observation.

On the night of December 31 this brigade was ordered to take up
position near the Nashville pike, 4 miles from Murfreesborough.

January 1, 1863, slight skirmishing with the enemy continued during the
day, in which we killed several, capturing 13 prisoners and paroling 11
others, wounded.

At 3.30 p.m. January 2, while hard fighting was progressing on our left,
I received orders from Gen. Rosecrans to report to him in person. He
directed me to take my command to the left, form in two lines, and,
should I find our forces repulsed by the enemy, to allow our men to
pass through my lines, and, on the approach of the enemy, give a
whoop and a yell, and got at ’em. With a brigade which, in three days’
hard fighting, had been reduced from 2,000 to 700 and greatly
discouraged, I felt serious apprehension that I would not be able to
fulfill the expectations of the general, and, to prepare him for such a
result, I informed him of the condition of my brigade. He said “Tell
them they must do it for us and for the country.” I told him I would do
my best. My men fell into ranks with the utmost alacrity and marched
to the scene of the conflict, a great portion of the way on the
double-quick, crossing Stone’s River at a ford. All apprehensions that
I had previously entertained now vanished. I felt confident that they
would not only charge the enemy, but would repulse them. Before
reaching the ground designated, however, I learned that the enemy had
already been
driven back in confusion. I continued my march, and, under the
direction of Brig.-Gen. Davis, placed my command in the
advance, relieving the command of Col. Hazen. It was not dark. We
maintained our ground till the morning of January 4, when we returned
to our position on the right.

My loss in killed, wounded, and missing in the engagement at Knob
Gap, near Nolensville, December 26, and the battles of December 30
and 31, 1862, and in front of the enemy east of Stone’s River, January
2 and 3, 1863, is as follows:

Command. Killed. Wounded. Missing.
21st Illinois…………… 2 55 7 180 .. 59 303
88th Illinois…………… 2 32 5 104 .. 34 177
101st Ohio……………… 4 19 2 121 .. 66 212
15th Wisconsin………….. 2 13 5 65 1 33 119
2d Minnesota Battery…….. .. 3 1 5 .. 1 10

Total……………… 10 122 20 475 1 193 821

O=Officers. EM=Enlisted men. T=Total.

I cannot close this report without expressing my obligations to the
following named officers of my staff for their zeal, fidelity, and courage
in all the severe engagements embraced in this report, viz:
Capt. S. P. Voris, Thirty-eighth Illinois Volunteers, acting assistant
adjutant-general; Capt. W. C. Harris, Thirty-eighth Illinois Volunteers;
Lieut. Albert Woodbury, Second Minnesota Battery, and Lieut. Walter
E. Carlin, Thirty-eighth Illinois Volunteers. Also to my faithful orderlies,
Pease, Knox, Amick, and Hart. Private Alexander C. Hosmer, One
hundred and first Ohio Volunteers, my clerk, though not required to go
into the battle, was constantly at my side to carry my orders.

Regimental reports and lists of casualties are herewith inclosed; also a
report of the engagement at Knob Gap, near Nolensville, December
26, 1862.

A topographical sketch, showing the ground passed over and positions
occupied by this brigade on December 30 and 31, 1862, is herewith

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Col. Thirty-eight Illinois Volunteers, Cmdg.

Lieut. T. W. MORRISON,
Acting Assistant Adjutant-Gen.

Source: Official Records

[Series I. Vol. 20. Part I, Reports. Serial No. 29.]

Chickamagua after battle report:

Report of Capt. William C. Harris, Thirty-eighth Illinois Infantry.

Chattanooga, Tenn., September 28, 1863.
CAPT.: I have the honor to report the part taken by the Thirty-eighth
Illinois Infantry in the battle of the 19th and 20th of September, near
Crawfish Spring.

September 18 broke camp near Dug Gap about dark; marched about 4 miles
to the left, relieving Gen. Brannan’s division.

On the 19th moved to the left about 10 o’clock. Passed Crawfish Springs
about 3 miles and filed right into the woods, double-quicked about a mile
and a quarter, filed right and formed on the left, by file into line, on the
right of Col. Heg’s brigade. The regiment was under a very heavy fire; were
ordered to lie down. Company K was lying in the road and was very much
exposed; they suffered severely. The men, ordered not to fire, stood their
ground without flinching. In a short time the men were ordered to their feet
and the line was moved forward; the right and left became entangled with
other regiments. For a few moments the firing was heavy, when it became
evident that the troops on our left had given way, exposing the left flank. We
were ordered to fall back, which we did, firing as we went, to a road at the
edge of the timber, where a stand was made till, being heavily pressed on
the left and front, the line retired across and open field to the woods. Here
the men were rallied at a fence, the batteries playing over their heads. The
enemy was checked. A line was formed and charged across the open field
to the woods from where we were first driven, and held it under a heavy fire
until a brigade of Gen. Sheridan’s division came to our relief. The regiment
was then reformed and bivouacked in an open field in rear of the battle-field.
The regiment entered the fight at 2 o’clock and was relieved at half past 5;
loss very heavy.

At 3 o’clock the morning of the 20th took position near Gen. Rosecrans’
headquarters on Chattanooga road. About 7 a. m. moved to a range of hills
on the west side of Chattanooga road. Formed in close column by division
at half distance and stacked arms. At 10 o’clock moved by the left flank a
quarter of a mile, then by the right flank, and halted in a valley east of the
Chattanooga road. After a
short rest were moved about 200 yards to a hill in front and deployed into
line; moved forward into the valley, and took position behind a slight
barricade 75 yards in rear of the Eighty-finest Indiana, in an open wood on
the right of Gen. Wood’s division. Col. Heg’s brigade came up and formed
on our left, filling up a gap between our left and Gen. Wood’s division.

The line in front was already heavily engaged, and Col. Heg’s brigade was
driven back almost as soon as it reached the line. At the same time the right
of Gen. Carlin’s brigade was turned by a heavy force. Gen. Carlin ordered
the regiment to fall back. The line in front came over us; the men fired one
volley and retired. Col. Gilmer, who commanded (supposed wounded ), fell
into the hands of the enemy at this point. For a mile the men were exposed
to a flank fire. It was impossible to rally men in open ground under such
heavy fire. When some three-fourths of a mile from the battle-field in the
woods, the men were rallied and marched with the division toward
Chattanooga; bivouacked in valley near Rossville; stacked 56 guns. Capt.
Whitehurst, [who] was senior officer, was in command.

On the morning of the 21st were moved to a position on the right of the
brigade, commanded by Col. Martin. There threw up breastworks. Sick and
detached men increased the regiment to about 100 men.

At 3 o’clock the morning of the 22d we marched to Chattanooga. By order
of Brig.-Gen. Carlin, commanding brigade, I was placed in command of the
regiment, being senior officer.

Our casualties were:

Officers and men. K W M T
Officers…………….. 1 12 2 15
Enlisted men…………. 12 79 77 168

Total…………….. 13 91 79 183

K=Killed. W=Wounded. M=Missing. T=Total.

Officers and men behaved very well, and did all that could be done against
such unequal force. The list of casualties shows the men fought gallantly.
Many of the missing are probably killed or wounded. The regiment went in
the action with 20 commissioned officers and 281 enlisted men.

I am, respectfully, your obedient servant,

Capt., Comdg., Regt.

Capt. S. P. VORIS,
Acting, Assistant Adjutant-Gen., Second Brigade.

Source: Official Records
PAGE 521-50 KY., SW., VA., TENN., MISS., N. ALA., AND N. GA. [CHAP. XLII.
[Series I. Vol. 30. Part I, Reports. Serial No. 50.]




Earl Steadman was born on 2 Aug 1833 in E. Fallowfield Township., Crawford County, PA. Died April 20, 1893, Ashtabula, Ohio . Buried at Williamsfield Center cemetery with second wife Esther Weir.

Williamsfield Center cemetery, Ashatabula , Ohio

PA 1870 Census has Earl listed as age 33 (born 1835/36) He was living on 11 Jun 1870 in E. Fallowfield Township., Crawford County, PA.He died on 20 Apr 1893 in Williamsfield, Ashtabula, OH. He was buried in Center Cemetery, Ashtabula, OH. He served in the military and was a Civil War Veteran. Son of John Gardinier Steadman and Catherine Gross.

For those of you following the Ewing line, Earl Steadman ( Stedman ) married Christina Hubler ( died 1865 ) . He then married Esther Weir. Christina and Earl had 5 children


Children of Earl and Christina

Mary Catherine Steadman1855 – 1924 married David E Jones , a blind horse and buggy minister, David E Jones and Mary Catherine Steadman had 5 children, one of which was Ethel Lutisia Jones who married Albert Ross Ewing.

Warren Steadman1857 –

Birten Philip Steadman1859 – 1938

Nelson E Steadman1862 – 1865

Elmer Ellsworth Steadman1864 – 1965

Earl and Esther had 3 children

William Perry Steadman1866 –

Jennie May Steadman1868 – 1907

Darius Steadman1873 –

 Could his great-grandmother have been a witch? There is a story out there of an Isabel Babcock, daughter of Job Babcock. Isabel married James Steadman, their child was James Hull Steadman. James Hull Steadman married Elizabeth Champlin, their son was John Gardinier ( Gardner ) Steadman. The description says she was a spinster. Well, this is an unmarried woman, so, it makes no sense to me. She shows as having married in 1762 to James Steadman.

Isabel>James Hull>John Gardiner>Earl Steadman

Portrait of Isabel Babcock dated 1757 aged 17. Rhode Island Archives

Now, I don’t know if any of this is true, but, it makes for an interesting find. I am attaching the story anyway, trying to authenticate.

Isabel Babcock, spinster, aged 52 has been hanged in the Town Square along with 5 other witches (Cara James, Ilsa Coulter, Margaret Oley, Bona Stone and Alice Kelly) as determined by Justice Norton of Kingston, Washington, Rhode Island. Isabel’s body would be burned once dead never to lay at rest in the ground. Isabel lived near town in a shanty with her cohorts and practiced witchcraft for most of her adult life it is reported. The evil spirits that took the lives of the Browne Family Easter last were charged against the Babcock Witches. The Death of cattle on the Ester Farm Xmas last was blamed on poisoned water created by these same witches. The supernatural powers of the Witches burned the local churches many times over the years preceding. It will never be known the extent of the powers the Babcock Witches possessed. Josiah Babcock, brother of Isabel testified at the judicial hearing against his sister as did her sister Deborah. The family were in fear of being murdered by Isabel as she was insane they stipulated. Witch hunter Reginald Osterhand had investigated this group for 12 years and testified against them in court. Isabel’s parentage was the late Justice of the Peace for South Kingston Job Babcock and his late wife Elizabeth Hull.



These are some houses in the historic district of Courtland Alabama. Courtland is home to one of the first southern railroads.

One of the South’s First Railroads – 1832

Seeking a means to ship cotton and other goods around the treacherous Muscle Shoals of the Tennessee River, area planters and merchants met at Courtland in 1831 to consider a rail line. On January 13, 1832, the 50 mile long Tuscumbia, Courtland, & Decatur Railroad was chartered. Early trains were usually horse-drawn, although an English-made steam locomotive was acquired in 1834. Absorbed by the Memphis & Charleston line after 1850, the railway was largely destroyed during the Civil War. The rebuilt railroad became part of the southern system in 1898.

Courtland’s Early Architecture

Structures within the Courtland historic district represent over 150 years of changing tastes in building design. Several of Courtland’s earliest buildings survive to this day. The Federal-style architecture of the oldest houses suggest the community’s strong original links with Virginia and other states of the upper South. Typical early residences of frame and brick feature a gable roof with tall chimneys at each end. Sometimes weatherboarding conceals log walls underneath. Many buildings dating from the 1850s through the 1930s reflect Italianate, Victorian and neoclassical architectural influences. There are also early 20th century “bungalows”, some built of native sandstone. Courtland still counts about twenty buildings predating the Civil War (1861). During the early 19th century, an assortment of wooden, brick and log business structures surrounded the town square. Most of the old buildings on the square today (north and east sides) date from the late 19th century and early 20th century. The fronts of some of them feature characteristic Victorian detailing. At the northeast corner of the square are four 19th-century stone mounting blocks placed for the convenience of horseback riders. The blocks were also supposedly used for selling slaves during the slave period. The tall red cedars seen throughout Courtland and along the streets radiating from the square have been a feature of the landscape since early days.

Located near downtown, is Courtland Cemetery and Courtland Black Cemetery.

Historic Marker Courtland Cemetery

Courtland Black Cemetery

I noted that on FindaGrave, of all the 456 burials in the Black cemetery, none of the burials have photos attached on FindaGrave. So, while there, I managed to take some headstone photos. Not enough of the 456, but, I tried. Courtland cemetery is one of the prettiest I have seen.

Lou Watkins

The Red Rovers

A volunteer military company was organized at Courtland in 1835 to aid Texas in its struggle for independence. Commanded by Dr. Jack Shackelford, a local physician, the company derived its name from the color of their home spun uniforms made by citizens of Courtland. The dye used was reportedly derived from the rich red clay abundant in the area.

Civil War Ancestors

Battle Flag

The 46th Infantry Regiment of Georgia, was formed during the spring of 1862 with men from Upson, Schley, Harris, Muscogee, Chattahoochee, Webster, Marion, and Talbot counties The unit served in Georgia, then South Carolina where it was involved in the conflicts at Secessionville, and Gaston and Frampton’s Plantation. In May, 1863, assigned to General Gist’s Brigade, it moved to Mississippi. After taking part in the siege of Jackson the regiment joined the Army of Tennessee and fought on many battlefields from Chickamauga to Atlanta, then saw action in Tennessee and North Carolina. In December, 1863, this unit totaled 628 men and 513 arms, but was greatly reduced when it surrendered on April 26, 1865. Its commanders were Colonels Peyton H. Colquitt and Samuel J. C. Dunlop,Lieutenant Colonel William A. Daniel, and Major A. M. Speer.

I don’t have a lot of information about my 3rd great grandfather. He served in the 46th Regiment, Co F, Webster County Invincibles.

McCall, Joseph — Private – March 4, 1862. Appointed 2nd Sergeant August 10, 1862. Sent to hospital February 23, 1864. No later record.

Below is a battle list of the 46th Georgia .

Vicksburg Campaign – May-July 1863
Jackson – May 14th 1863
Jackson Siege – July 1863
Chickamauga – Sept. 19-20,1863
Chattanooga Siege – Sept.-Nov. 1863
Atlanta Campaign – May-Sept. 1864
Dalton – May 5-11, 1864
Calhoun – May 1864
New Hope Church – May 25-June 4, 1864
Pine Hill – June 15, 1864
Kennesaw Mountain – June 27, 1864
Smyrna Campground – July 4, 1864
Chattahoochee River – July 5-17, 1864
Peach Tree Creek – July 20, 1864
Atlanta – July 22, 1864
Atlanta Siege – July-Sept. 1864
Jonesboro – August 31-Sept. 1, 1864
Franklin – Nov. 30, 1864
Nashville – Dec. 15-16, 1864
Carolinas Campaign – Feb.-April 1865

 Also, I have a story about a family member that states of his service in the battle of Kennesaw Mountain, where he was killed. Last muster roll states he was sent to hospital, Feb 23, 1864. It is difficult to locate Confederate graves, I can only find one in Oakland Cemetery in Atlanta. It is marked J. McCall confederate soldier.
Fold3 is a great place to find historical documents.

Lost in the 90’s

Why is there no 1890 census?

1890—destroyed/damaged by fire, in Commerce Dept. 1921. 1% survived, 6,160 individuals.

1890 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1890, for two weeks to thirty days. The following information was recorded by the census taker.

  • Name
  • Age
  • Sex
  • Address
  • Number of families in the house
  • Number of persons in the house
  • Number of persons in the family
  • Relationship to head of family
  • Race: white, black, mulatto, quadroon, octoroon, Chinese, Japanese, or Indian
  • Marital status
  • Whether married during the year
  • Total children born to mother
  • Number of children living
  • Birthplace
  • Birthplace of parents
  • If foreign born, how many years in the United States
  • Naturalized or in the process of naturalization
  • Profession, trade, or occupation
  • Months unemployed during census year
  • Able to read and write
  • Speak English; if not, language or dialect spoken
  • Suffering from acute or chronic disease (if so, name of disease and length
  • of time afflicted)
  • Defective in mind, sight, hearing, or speech
  • Crippled, maimed, or deformed (with name of defect)
  • Prisoner, convict, homeless child, or pauper
  • Home is rented or owned by the head or a member of the family
  • (if so, whether mortgaged)
  • Head of family a farmer, if he or a family member rented or owned the farm
  • If mortgaged, the post office address of the owner
There were a few things that made this census unique to others in the past.
1. Listed the address of the individual
2. Listed if a person was a soldier, sailor, or a marine during the Civil War
3. Listed whether they were Union or Confederate
4. Listed whether they were a widow of a veteran
5. Listed, if a mother, the number of children she had and how many 
   were living
6. If foreign born, the individual was asked how many years they had 
   been inthe United States and if they were naturalized or 
   in the process of being naturalized
7. Lists what language the individual speaks
8. Lists number of months employed
9. Asks if the home is rented or owned (and mortgaged)
10. Listed individuals in Army forts, US vessels, Navy Yards, & prisons.
11. Most schedules destroyed by fire in 1921
12. Special 1890 schedules enumerating Union veterans & their widows from the 
    Civil War are sometimes used as census substitute.

If you are lost in the timeframe of the 1890 census , here are some useful tips to follow.

1890 Surviving schedules The following population schedules have survived for the 1890 federal census:

Alabama Perry County, Perryville beat number 11 and Severe beat number 8.
District of Columbia Q. Thirteenth, Fourteenth, R.Q. Corcoran, Fifteenth, S.R. and Riggs streets, Johnson Avenue, and S Street
Georgia Muscogee County, Columbus Township

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